Ismamyt (or Ysmamyt) Ata Memorial Complex

Ismamyt (or Ysmamyt) Ata Memorial Complex

The Ismamyt (or Ysmamyt) Ata Memorial Complex is revered as a sacred site, situated in the Zaman village of the Georogly district in Dashoguz province. This complex, known for its intricate architectural design, was erected on the remnants (170x170m) of Eshretgala from the XI-XII centuries, resulting in varying foundational levels due to the different periods of construction.

According to legend, Isim Sahab, son of Musaib Qazi Sahab—a companion and commander of the Prophet Muhammad—arrived in Khorezm in the VII century to spread Islam. At that time, Sultan Mahmud ruled Eshretgala and was held in high regard by the people. Upon meeting Isim Sahab, the Sultan inquired about Islam. When he learned that Islam emphasized sincere belief in one God, he did not oppose its teachings, acknowledging their similar belief. Not long after, Sultan Mahmud and his relatives embraced Islam. Concerned about his legacy due to the absence of a male heir, Sultan Mahmud asked Isim Sahab to merge their names so his name would endure. Isim Sahab agreed, and thus, the name Isymmahmyt-Ysmamyt was born. Isim Sahab remained in Eshretgala for the rest of his life and was buried there, ensuring the complex’s sacred status.

The Ismamyt Ata Complex has long been a significant religious site, attracting visitors from across Khorezm. People from various provinces—Turkmens, Uzbeks, and Kazakhs—chose to bury their deceased there. Encompassing the complex is a vast cemetery (4-5 ha), with the most notable tomb being that of Ismamit Ata (Isim Sahab). Although Sultan Mahmud is also believed to be buried there, his tomb has not survived.

The complex comprises several notable structures, including two large domes, a mausoleum for pilgrims, a prayer room, and the mausoleum of Ismamit Ata. Additionally, it features the Dashkoche—a long corridor with seven domes that connects to the rest of the complex—along with winter and spring mosques, a kitchen, and a hanaka or madrasa.

Main photo source: Turkmenportal

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