“Kusht depdi” Turkmen national folk dance

Building the past: Turkmen Yurt Construction Unveiled

Turkmen yurts, or “ak öý” in Turkmen, are traditional homes used by the Turkmen people in Central Asia. Similar to those used by other nomadic cultures, Turkmen yurts have their unique features. Here’s a simple breakdown of how they’re built:

  • Frame: The yurt has a circular wooden frame with a central support column and a lattice wall made of woven wooden strips.
  • Covering: Layers of materials cover the frame. The outer layer is usually felt or animal skins for insulation, while the inside may have colorful textiles and carpets for decoration.
  • Roof: The roof is a wooden circular frame with an opening at the top, allowing light in and letting smoke out if there’s a central hearth.
  • Materials: Traditionally, the yurt’s covering is made of felt from wool. Animal skins may also be used for extra weather protection.
  • Entrance: The yurt has a wooden door and a decorated crown on top for both function and style.
  • Assembly: Designed for a nomadic lifestyle, Turkmen yurts are easy to assemble and disassemble. The lattice walls and framework collapse, and the felt covering can be rolled up for transport.
  • Decoration: Turkmen yurts are decorated with colorful textiles, carpets, and traditional motifs, creating a functional and visually appealing interior.

When you visit Turkmenistan, take the opportunity to experience the nomadic spirit by exploring these unique yurts. They not only showcase the construction of homes but also the rich cultural heritage of the Turkmen people.

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